Sinusitis is the most common complication of acute respiratory diseases of the upper respiratory tract. It is characterized by inflammation of the paranasal sinuses: maxillary, frontal, wedge and lattice cells.
Sinusitis can take serous, catarrhal or purulent forms. The first and second types can eventually develop into the third one, which is the most dangerous and requires immediate antibiotic therapy.
According to American Doctors Statistics, about 14% of adults suffer from at least one episode of acute sinusitis per year. Doctors treat sinusitis with antibiotics depending on the pathogen causing the infection.
Even though modern pharmaceutics offers a huge number of different antibiotics, you should not take any of them without doctor’s prescription. Only a doctor can make an informed and qualified decision in the choice of medicine and prescribe antibiotics to treat sinusitis.
As a rule, the ussual choice for non-complicated cases is Penicillin. It has a solid reputation for the most efficient and safe antibacterial medicine. It is often prescribed to children from early infancy, adults and elderly patients.
Zithromax is one of the most effective drugs in this group. It works by inhibiting the synthesis of proteins and slowing the growth and replication of bacteria. It also has a strong bactericidal effect due to the high concentration in the infected tissues.
Azithromycin is the main active ingredient of Zithromax. It eliminates extracellular and intracellular pathogens in soft tissues, skin, respiratory tract, and tissues of the genitourinary system. It is especially recommended to take it in severe and complicated cases.
After administration, the active ingredient is quickly absorbed by blood and within a few hours reaches a high concentration in the infected tissues. Zithromax is useful for respiratory tract diseases.
A qualified doctor prescribes the dosage of Zithromax and the scheme of treatment based on the weight, age and health condition of the patient. Before starting the treatment with an antibiotic, it is recommended to do testing for antibiotic sensitivity to determine pathogens response to the medicine.
In the case of sinusitis, Zithromax is prescribed to be taken once a day with or without food. In cases of soft tissues of skin and respiratory tract in adults, the doctor prescribes 0.5 g of Zithromax for three days. Doctors can also recommend to take 0.5 g of Zithromax on the first day of treatment and then 0.25 g of Zithromax from the second to the fifth day.
For children, the dose of Azithromycin is calculated based on weight. If a child weight is more than 10 kg, the doctor will recommend an antibiotic on the first day in the dosage of 10 mg per kilogram of weight, and then for the next four days – 5 mg per kg. It is the recommended scheme for sinusitis. For little children, the course of treatment lasts for three days with a daily dosage of 10 mg.