Chlamydia infection treatment
According to the World Health Organization, urogenital chlamydial infection is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection. Since it has virtually no symptoms in men and minor symptoms in women, it is difficult to diagnose at an early stage. Laboratory tests also indicate many false positives and false negatives depending on the tested samples.
Once infected with chlamydia, a patient might not notice it until it has progressed to a later stage. People are often unaware that they have it and can unknowingly spread the infection to their partner. The symptomatic picture of chlamydial infection depends on one’s general health condition, immune system, lifestyle, and other factors. The latent period is different in each case, ranging from 2 to 30 days.
The chlamydial infection causes urogenital inflammation and can affect the cervix, uterus, vulva, and ovaries in women. Often, chlamydia is diagnosed as a concomitant disease in patients with trichomoniasis or various forms of gonorrhea.
From initial infection and during the latent period, the disease is already dangerous. Although obvious symptoms are absent, it begins by affecting the urogenital system from the very first day of infection. There are several methods of transmitting the disease, but it is most commonly transmitted during sexual intercourse.
Successful treatment of chlamydia infection largely depends on choosing the correct medicine. Mistakes in the treatment of the disease due to diagnostic errors or inappropriate selection of antibiotics can lead to serious complications.
The most serious complications of chlamydial infection include infertility in people of both sexes. Complications for women include Reiter’s disease, perihepatitis, pelvic peritonitis, fetal pathology, and postpartum pathology. Other severe and life-threatening complications are possible when other concomitant diseases are present.
For over ten years, azithromycin has been the drug of choice for treatment of various forms of urogenital chlamydial infection. It is recognized and recommended by the WHO, the US Centers for Disease Control, and the European Manual for the Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Their manuals refer to azithromycin as a recommended drug for the treatment of urogenital chlamydia.
Zithromax is a medicine with azithromycin as its active ingredient. It has a high resistance to acidic effects, which increases the antimicrobial effect of the medication. Zithromax accumulates in high concentrations in the cells infected, with chlamydia significantly increasing the overall effectiveness of therapy.
Zithromax can be used in pregnant women only if the expected effect of treatment significantly exceeds possible risk to the fetus. For pregnant patients, doctors should prescribe a treatment regimen with Zithromax supplemented with probiotics and immune stimulators.
You should always see a doctor before starting any antibiotic treatment. Only a physician can prescribe the correct dosage of Zithromax and treatment duration. If you take medicine without a doctor’s recommendation and lab tests, the disease may become chronic.
The most common scheme of Zithromax assigned by physicians:
- In the case of an early diagnosis, a patient is prescribed a single dose of 1 gram of Zithromax taken once a day approximately 2 hours before a meal.
- If the disease is at a chronic or acute stage, a patient is prescribed 1 gram of Zithromax once a day taken about 2 hours before a meal on the first day. For the next two days, a patient should take 0.5 grams of Zithromax as a dose, and then 0.25 grams of Zithromax for four days.
Over the duration of treatment, the patient receives 3 grams of Zithromax. This scheme should be used only with the approval of a doctor because in most cases the scheme and dosage depends on the severity of the disease. For example, in the treatment of a couple (sexual partners), the schemes and doses can differ. To prevent subsequent reinfection, all sexual partners should be treated regardless of the presence or absence of symptoms.
Most patients observe no side effects during treatment with Zithromax. The drug is well tolerated and has a high degree of efficiency. It is not recommended to take azithromycin for the treatment of chlamydia if there is an increased hypersensitivity to macrolides. Zithromax should not be prescribed to patients with kidney and liver dysfunctions.