Chlamydia infection treatment
According to the World Health Organization, urogenital chlamydial infection is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection. Since it has virtually no symptoms in man and minor symptoms in women, it was difficult to diagnose at an early stage. Laboratory test also shows many false positives and false negatives depending on the tested samples.
Once infected with chlamydia, a patient might not notice it until it is too late. People are often unaware that they have it and can spread the infection to their partner. The symptomatic picture of chlamydial infection depends on general health condition, immune system, lifestyle and other factors. The latent period is different in each case ranging from 2 to 30 days.
The chlamydial infection causes urogenital inflammation and can affect cervix, uterus, vulva and ovaries. Very often chlamydia is diagnosed as a concomitant disease in patients with trichomoniasis or various forms of gonorrhea.
After the moment of infection and during the latent period the disease is already dangerous. It starts affecting urogenital system from the very first day of infection even though the obvious symptoms are absent. There are several ways of transmitting the disease, but most often it happens during sexual intercourse.
Successful treatment of chlamydia infection largely depends on the choice of the right medicine. The mistakes in the treatment of the disease because of diagnostic errors or inappropriate selection of antibiotics can lead to serious complications.
The most serious complications of chlamydial infection include infertility in people of both sexes. Complications for women include Reiter’s disease, perihepatitis, pelvic peritonitis, fetal pathology and postpartum pathology. Other severe and life-threatening complications are possible in case there are other concomitant diseases.
For over ten years azithromycin has been a drug of choice for treatment of various forms of urogenital chlamydial infection. It is recognized and recommended by the WHO, the US Centers for Disease Control and the European Manual for the Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Their manuals refer to azithromycin as a recommended drug for the treatment of urogenital chlamydia.
Zithromax is a medicine with azithromycin as its active ingredient. It has a high resistance to acidic effects, which increases the antimicrobial effect of the medication. Zithromax accumulates in high concentrations in the cells infected with chlamydia significantly increasing the overall effectiveness of therapy.
Zithromax can be used in pregnant women only if the expected effect of treatment significantly exceeds the possible risk to the fetus. For pregnant patients, the doctor appoints an individual treatment regimen with Zithromax supplemented with probiotics and immune stimulators.
You should always see a doctor before starting taking any antibiotics. Only a physician can prescribe the right dosage of Zithromax and duration of treatment. If you take medicines without doctor’s recommendation and lab tests, the disease may turn into a chronic stage.
The most common scheme of Zithromax assigned by physicians:
- With the early diagnosis, a patient is prescribed a single dose of 1 gram of Zithromax once a day taken about 2 hours before a meal.
- If the disease is in the chronic or acute stage, a patient is prescribed 1 gram of Zithromax once a day taken about 2 hours before a meal on the first day. For the next two days, a patient should take 0.5 grams of Zithromax as a dose, and then 0.25 grams of Zithromax for four days.
Over the duration of treatment, the patient receives 3 grams of Zithromax. The scheme should be used only with the approval and under the supervision of a doctor because in most cases the scheme and the dosage depending on the severity of the disease. For example, even in the event of treatment of a couple (sexual partners) the schemes and doses will differ. All sexual partners should be treated regardless the presence or absence of symptoms to prevent subsequent reinfection.
Most patients observe that there were no side effects during treatment with Zithromax. The drug is well tolerated and has a high degree of efficiency. It is not recommended to take azithromycin for the treatment of chlamydia if there is an increased hypersensitivity to macrolides. Zithromax should not be prescribed to patients with in kidney and liver dysfunctions.