The series of antibiotic medication is quite a large one and Azithromycin has its honorable place within them. The World Health Organization has approved the production of these meds and proclaimed Azithromycin as an effective medication to treat diverse infections. Actually, Azithromycin is a generic med and is sold in the market under different names. In the USA, it is mostly known as Zithromax. The medication was first invented in the 1980s in Croatia, yet the right to mass manufacture it within the States was later bought by Pfizer company.
As compared with other antibiotics, Zithromax (Azithromycin) is much more effective in treating a series of infections. Doctors prescribe this medication in small doses being sure it will be enough to cure the illness. However, side effects of Zithromax may be more dangerous than those of other antibiotics, either. For instance, several years ago it was found out that Zithromax increases the risk of a heart attack. In 2013, FDA issued this warning.
The Essence Of Zithromax
A group of Croatian researchers working for the Pilva company discovered the effectiveness and antibacterial features of Azithromycin in 1980. As little as within several years, the company made an agreement with Pfizer to distribute the medication exceptionally to the United States and the Western Europe.
Pfizer managed to buy the rights to produce its antibiotic made on the basis of Azithromycin in 1992. It called the medication Zithromax. First FDA approved the medication only for the treatment of respiratory and skin infections, yet as years passed, an update was made to include a series of other infections.
A pack of Zithromax includes five pills and is called a Z-pack within people. A course of treatment implies taking only a single pill per day during five days. This dosage is definitely smaller than that of plenty other popular antibiotics. One can have Zithromax also in a liquid or even extended release liquid form.
How To Use Zithromax
When FDA first approved Zithromax (Azithromycin) as effective antibiotics, it was used in the treatment of uncomplicated skin infections and such illnesses as adult sinusitis and acute bronchitis. Later a number of illnesses were included in this list. These were the genital ulcer disease like chlamydia infection, urethritis, pneumonia, pharyngitis and other infections. Moreover, it has already been proved that Zithromax is effective in curing children’s tonsillitis, pharyngitis, pneumonia and middle ear infections.
However, even if Zithromax is appropriate for treating pneumonia, it is categorically forbidden for those patients suffering from pneumonia who have a risk factor in taking oral medication.
Another highly important aspect to take into account when taking Zithromax (Azithromycin) is the susceptibility of the medication toward only a certain bacteria type. If the patient uses an excessive dosage of the medication for treating the unsusceptible bacteria, his condition will worsen. Bacteria, which are thoroughly resistant to Zithromax treatment will develop.
However, there are plenty of cases when doctors prescribe azithromycin outside the label. For instance, sexually transmitted diseases (chlamydia, gonorrhea, etc.), diarrhea, babesiosis, whooping cough, and many other infections can be successfully treated with this medication. Additionally, patients who have experienced sexual assaults or medical procedures are quite often prescribed Zithromax.
Alcohol doesn’t reduce the effectiveness of azithromycin, but it is best to avoid alcohol if you are taking a Zithromax.
How Zithromax Works
The principle of azithromycin work is quite simply. This macrolide antibiotic prevents the growth of infected bacteria by impeding the synthesis of the cell proteins. Without these proteins, the infected bacteria won’t grow – either the organism’s infected cells will simply die out, or they will be killed by the immune system.
Possible Side Effects
Like any medication, Zithromax has its own side effects. About twelve percents of patients who take it, experience some kind of side effects, though not serious. Yet, the vast majority of people using the medication tolerate it unimpededly.
However, the most common side effects are of a gastrointestinal kind. These can be diarrhea, nausea, abdominal and stomach pains, vomiting, etc. Headaches, pains in chest, eye and skin yellowing are also possible.